Over 3 million Americans have glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States. At Universal Vision Medical Center in Costa Mesa, California, Farnoosh Tinoosh, MD, diagnoses glaucoma and offers personalized treatments to restore your eye health and protect your sight. If you’re due for an eye exam or have concerns about glaucoma, call or book an appointment online today.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that occurs when increased pressure inside your eyeball puts pressure on your optic nerve, eventually causing damage and vision loss.
There are several different types of glaucoma. Primary open-angle glaucoma is the most prevalent form of the disease. It usually develops gradually and doesn’t cause symptoms until you lose vision.
You have drainage angles between your cornea and iris that allow excess fluid to escape your eye. Open-angle glaucoma occurs when these angles are open, but your eyes don’t drain efficiently.
Other common types of glaucoma include narrow or closed-angle glaucoma, ocular hypertension, and glaucoma suspects. Narrow-angle glaucoma occurs when something blocks your drainage angles. It usually occurs as an acute attack and is an eye emergency.
In most cases, open-angle glaucoma doesn’t cause symptoms. The disease is often called the silent thief of sight, as many patients don’t know they have it until they lose vision.
Closed-angle glaucoma, however, causes symptoms like:
If you notice any of these symptoms, call Universal Vision Medical Center for emergency eye care.
Dr. Tinoosh uses advanced testing for glaucoma, including Humphrey Zeiss 700 series visual field testing. This test provides the most rapid and accurate method to map your peripheral and central visual fields.
Dr. Tinoosh also uses Goldmann applanation or Tono-Pen® tonometer to measure the pressure in your eye. This means that you don’t have to suffer through the “puff of air” test, which is not only uncomfortable for you but not as accurate as other tests.
You might also need a corneal thickness measurement with contactless optical coherence tomography (OCT). Dr. Tinoosh also uses the Carl Zeiss Visucam® to take photos of your optic nerve to screen for signs of damage.
Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) is one of the most effective and safest treatments for glaucoma. In just five minutes, Dr. Tinoosh can improve your eye drainage and control glaucoma.
In other cases, Dr. Tinoosh might prescribe medicated eye drops to regulate the amount of fluid in your eye and maintain healthy eye pressure.
If necessary, Dr. Tinoosh offers glaucoma filtration surgery as a last resort when laser treatment and medication don’t help. This surgery creates a channel in your eye to allow excess fluid to drain.
Call Universal Vision Medical Center or make an appointment online if you’re concerned about glaucoma or are due for an eye exam.